Redactioneel – Editorial Gouden Hoorn Vol. 8, issue 1 (2000)

Gouden Hoorn 8,1: Redactioneel/Editorial


Dit jaar vieren we de 1500ste verjaardag van Theodora, de vrouw van Justinianus. Het is niet zeker wanneer zij geboren is, rond 500, maar in de Koptische en Syrisch-Orthodoxe kerk is dit jaar een speciale viering uitgeroepen voor dit jubileum. In deze kerken wordt zij vereerd vanwege haar hulp aan Koptische en Syrische kerkvaders ten tijde van de christologische twisten. Ter ere van deze (controversiële) vrouw zetten wij haar portret op de voorkant van deze Gouden Hoorn. Dit nummer van Gouden Hoorn bevat verder een bijdrage van Peter Beatson over een Byzantijns museumstuk dat in Keulen te bezichtigen is. Ook aandacht voor de Syrische kerkvader Jacob van Sarug. In het volgende nummer hopen we aandacht te besteden aan het verhaal van Barlaam en Joasaph, en aan de Kopten. Ook bericht over de Armeense kerk, die dit jaar 1700 bestaat.


This year we celebrate the 1500th birthday of Theodora, the wife of Justinian. She was supposedly born around 500, and in the Coptic and Syriac churches this year has been declared as a feastyear for her. In these churches, Theodora is venerated for her help to Coptic and Syrian churchfathers in the christological dispute. Because of this (controversial) woman we have put her portrait on the cover of this issue. Peter Beatson discusses in this issue of Golden Horn a Byzantine piece of art from the museum Cologne. Also, a note on the Syriac churchfather Jacob of Sarug. In next issue we hope to focus on the story of Barlaam and Joasaph, and on the Copts. Also, the Armenian church celebrates its 1700th birthday this year.

Boeken/Books-Golden Horn vol.8 issue 1

Gouden Hoorn 8,1: Boeken/Books


Euripidou Alkestis, tekeningen: Magda van Tilburg, Amsterdam: Panholzer, 1986. – LVI pp. – (Classica Signa IV – vernieuwde versie).
ISBN 90-70089-39-4
Gebaseerd op de editie van Murray (Oxford).

De Solone et Croeso, tekst: O. Damsté en A.B. Nederlof; tekeningen: Magda van Tilburg, Amsterdam: Panholzer, 1974. – XXXII pp. – (Classica Signa I).
ISBN 90-70089-04-1

Deze twee stripboekjes zijn nog verkrijgbaar bij het Allard Pierson Museum in Amsterdam.

Introduction to Syriac. An Elementary Grammar with Readings from Syriac literature, Wheeler M. Thackston. – Bethesda, Maryland: IBEX Publishers, 1999. – xxvii, 228 pp.

With index and Syriac-English vocabulary. This book also has exercises to help you learn Syriac.

Byzniz Vol. 8, issue 1 (Summer-fall 2000)

Gouden Hoorn 8,1: Byz-Niz



8-10 December. “Ancient Studies & New Technology: The World Wide Web and Scholarly Research, Communication, and Publication in Ancient, Byzantine, and Medieval Studies”. Salve Regina University, Newport, Rhode Island, USA. Conveners: Michael DiMaio, Ralph Mathisen, Thomas Martin.


8-11 March. Fourth Conference on Shifting Frontiers in Late Antiquity. “Travel, Communication and Geography in Late Antiquity”. To be held at the Downtown Centre of San Francisco State University, San Francisco, USA. Enquiries re program to Prof. Linda Ellis:; all other enquiries to Prof. Frank Kidner:

28 March-2 April. Byzantine Spring Symposium. Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies, Exeter College, Oxford. Theme: “Rhetoric”. Convenor: Elizabeth Jeffreys. Call for papers to be announced shortly.

30 March-1 April. “Conference on Byzantine Monasticisms”. Faculty of Theology, University of St Michael’s College, Toronto, Canada. An interdisciplinary conference on the varieties of ascetical life in the Byzantine empire (6th-13th century), with emphasis on the current state of scholarly research and areas in needs of further study. For registration and other details see the faculty web site:

20-22 April. “Byzantium and the West”. Twelfth Conference of the Australian Association for Byzantine Studies, University of Western Australia. Conf. Organiser: John Melville-Jones. Deadline for submission of Abstracts: 29 January 20001. For registration details check the web site (late November):

4-7 May. Dumbarton Oaks Symposium: “Late Byzantine Thessalonike”. Check out the web site for details:


The Mother of God: Representations of the Virgin in Byzantine Art, Benaki Musum, Athens, 15th october 2000 – 15th january 2001. This will be the high point in the celebrations of the anniversary of the Birth of Christ. Exhibited works of art in all media, dating from the 6th to the 15th centuries are included.


New Byzantine Web Journal

Settegiorni, appearing quarterly, containing articles about art, culture, religion, litterature and other subjects concerning the ‘Second Rome’.
Antonio Matasso, director of Settegiorni.

Neue Zeitschrift Göttingen

Ein Bericht von: Alexander Sideras und Brita Bayer (Herausgeber) Holger Gutschmidt und Carsten Peust (Verleger):

Wir freuen uns, Ihnen hiermit die neue Zeitschrift Göttinger Beiträge zur Byzantinischen und Neugriechischen Philologie (GBBNP) ankündigen zu dürfen. Eine wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift, die auf die Philologie der byzantinischen und neugriechischen Zeit spezialisiert ist, fehlte bislang. Diese Lücke sollen die Göttinger Beiträge zur Byzantinischen und Neugriechischen Philologie füllen, die im

Peust & Gutschmidt Verlag, Göttingen, erscheinen werden. Dabei sollen beide Teilbereiche, die byzantinische und neugriechische Sprachwissenschaft sowie die byzantinische und neugriechische Literaturwissenschaft, gleichermassen berücksichtigt werden.

More information about lay out of articles for can be received at:

Seminar fuer Klassische Philologie
Georg-August-Universitaet Göttingen
Humboldtallee 19, 37073 Göttingen, Germany
Phone: +49 551 394745

New online tool Italian Medieval period

We introduce a new site that will become a new research tool for the study of the medieval period in Italy: Rassegna storica on line. This web site is part of a larger project that the editor of Medioevo Italiano has been developing for some time now.

Medioevo Italiano and its daughter project are electronic ‘magic boxes’, where scholars may send their articles, reviews or opinions about Italian history in the Middle Ages and beyond. Accepted contributions will be published ‘on line’ or in electronic format as CD-ROMS.

Rassegna storica on line is a biannual journal. Articles and contributions that are submitted to the editor in the first part of the year will be published in the spring issue, while the others will appear in autumn. At present we will publish contributions individually, but at the end of the semester we will publish a revised and corrected volume.

Angelo Gambella
Dir.Ed. Rassegna storica online
fax: +39.06.23319240


The July 2000 issue of Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies is available at The issue contains 4 papers delivered at the special conference on Michael the Syrian, held at Maarat Saydnaya, the headquarters of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Damascus.

Provinciae Byzantinae anno 2000

Op 24 april 2000 werd de 85ste gedenkdag gevierd van de Armeense Genocide van 1915. Twee miljoen Armeense burgers werden toen door de Ottomaanse overheid systematisch vermoord. Tot op heden wordt deze volkerenmoord door de Turkse regering ontkend. Dit jaar bezocht de Israelische minister van onderwijs, Yossi Sarid, de gedenkdag in Jerusalem, waarbij hij zijn aanwezigheid onderstreepte door te verklaren dat hij ernaar streefde om de Armeense Genocide in de geschiedenislessen op scholen in Israel op te nemen, hetgeen voorheen gedwarsboomd werd door het Israelische ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken, dat repercussies vreest van de Turkse regering.

(Via suryoyo online,

Op 19 oktober heeft de senaat van de Verenigde Staten een resolutie verworpen om de genocide op Armeniërs te veroordelen op strategische gronden:

House Speaker Dennis Hastert (R-Ill.) issued a statement this evening pulling the Armenian Genocide resolution (HR 596) from the agenda of the House of Representatives for the remainder of the 106th Congress, thus killing the resolution.

In his statement, the Speaker cited “national security concerns” brought forth by President Clinton relating to the ongoing Middle East Peace process.

“I have asked the Majoirty Leader to take H.Res. 596 off the schedule for the remainder of the 106th Congress,” said Hasterst in the statement.

Both Speaker Hastert and President Clinton failed to use the word Genocide when characterizing the 1915 systematic and planned murder of 1.5 million Armenians by Ottoman Turks.

For updates on this and other breaking news, please visit our website at

(From: Asbarez daily, 19-10-2000)

De Volkskrant en Metro berichtten op 9-11-2000 dat de Franse Senaat en Assemblée de genocide erkend hebben. De Assemblée moet nogmaals stemmen.


Salsus Books Catalogue 37: Liturgy, Biblical Studies, Theology, Patristics, Church History. See also:

Newsletter, Society for Armenian Studies, vol. 24, no. 2 (56), Spring 2000.

Overleden – Deceased

Marie-Hélène Congourdeau reported this to a Byzantium discussionlist, via bit.listserv.hellas:

Highly acclaimed Byzantinist Nikos Economides, president of the Hellenic Institute of Culture, died in hospital on Wednesday at the age of 66 due to an inflammation of the lungs. Economides was a professor at Athens University and until recently director of the Byzantine Studies Institute at the National Institute for Research (EIE).

Born in 1934, Economides studied history and archaeology at Athens University and did post-graduate studies in Paris, where he received his doctorate in 1961. After working as a researcher at the Byzantine Studies Centre in Athens until 1969, he accepted a post teaching Byzantine history at Montreal University in Canada, where he stayed until 1989. During that time, as well as having a distinguished academic career, he was also highly active in opposing the 1967-1974 junta in Greece.

In 1987 he was elected professor of Byzantine history at Athens University’s department of history and archaeology. In 1995 he was appointed director of the EIE’s Byzantine Studies Centre for five years, while in May 1997 he was elected vice-president and acting president of the EIE’s board of directors.

A highly regarded researcher and teacher, Economides’ work on Byzantium had been published in the most respected periodicals in his field and he had received many international distinctions. He had acted as visiting teacher at many universities and research institutes, including Washington’s famous Dumbarton-Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies, where he was a consultant on Byzantine seals.

St Jacob van Sarug, Warburg (D)

Gouden Hoorn 8,1: St. Jacob van Sarug

door Annabelle Parker1

English text below

Op 27 Augustus 2000 is in het Duitse Warburg een nieuw Syrisch-Orthodox klooster ingewijd door de patriarch van de Syrisch-Orthodoxe Kerk van Antiochië, Moran Mor Ignatius Zakkai I Iwas. Het klooster, dat vanaf de twaalfde eeuw dienst deed als een klooster van de Dominikanen, is gewijd aan St. Jacob van Sarug.

Wie was St Jacob van Sarug? Hij werd in 449 geboren in Kurtam (Kurtah) aan de Eufraat, in het district Sarug. Hij stierf 521 in Batna, Sarug, waar hij ook begraven is op 29 November. Op deze dag wordt zijn feest gevierd in de Syrische kerk. Hij bezocht de school van Edessa rond 470, en werd priester, terwijl hij een reputatie opbouwde in welsprekendheid en kennis.

In 502 werd hij benoemd tot chorepiscopos (‘periodeutos’) in Haura. In 518 werd hij tot bisschop van Batnan gewijd door Severius, die kort daarna in ballingschap moest.

Er is niet echt sprake van een ‘doctrine’ die Jacob van Sarug uitdroeg. Hij was voor alles priester en daarmee helper van de gelovigen in zijn kerk. Hij schreef in het Syrisch. Hij heeft veel memre, of metrische homilieën geschreven (ongeveer 760), waarvan er ongeveer 300 bewaard zijn, en 212 daarvan uitgegeven door Paul Bedjan.2 Deze lange ritmische gedichten (van 300 tot 400 verzen) werden gelezen (of gezongen) bij diensten om de gelovigen te stichten, volgens de traditie van St Ephrem. De verzen hebben twaalf voeten, verdeeld in drie maal vier. Dit soort 12-voetige vers staat bekend als het ‘vers van St Jacob van Sarug’.

Ook zijn er 43 brieven van Jacob van Sarug bewaard gebleven3, evenals 8 feesthomilieën (turgamè)4, een heiligenleven5, en enkele liturgische en liturgisch-poëtische werken.6 Alhoewel de vraag of St Jacob van Sarug een monofysitische geloofsleer aanhangt, sinds de achttiende eeuw rondwaart (sinds 1716, Eusèbe Renaudot), is deze vraag niet opgelost, en misschien is het ook geen eerlijke vraag, omdat die duidt op de opzet deze kerkvader in een hokje in te delen, en te ‘claimen’.

Jacob van Sarug’s werk wordt gekenmerkt door symbolisme, liefde en hieruit voortspruitend, een neiging tot ‘anti-intellectualisme’, in die zin, dat hij een onmatig gebruik van de rede, het willen doorgronden van het mysterie Gods, niet goedkeurt:

‘Beschouw de Schrift, daarin vind je de Zoon Gods’.7

St Jacob of Sarug, Warburg (D)8
by Annabelle Parker

On 27th of August, 2000 a new Syriac-Orthodox monastery was consecrated in Warburg, Germany, by the Patriarch of the Syriac-Orthodox Church of Antioch, Moran Mor Ignatius Zakkai I. Iwas. The monastery, which was built in the twelfth century to house Dominican monks, has been named after St Jacob of Sarug.

Who was St Jacob of Sarug? He was born in 449 in Kurtam (Kurtah) on the borders of the Euphrat in the district of Sarug. He died in 521 in Batna, Sarug, where he was buried on 29th of November. This date is his nameday in the Syriac church, whereas it is on 25th of September in the Armenian church, and on 5th of April in the Maronite church. He went to the School of Edessa around 470, and he became a priest, while building up a reputation in eloquence and knowledge.

In 502 he became chorepiscopos, (‘periodeutos’) in Haura. In 518 he was consecrated as bishop of Batnan by Severius, who had to go into exile a short while later

Jacob of Sarug did not really carry out a specific ‘doctrine’. He was most of all a priest and thus a servant of the faithful in his church. He wrote in Syriac many memre or metric homilies (about 760), of which about 300 have been preserved, and of these 212 have been published by Paul Bedjan.9 These rythmical poems (of 300 to 400 verses) were read or sung during services to educate the faithful, following St Ephrem’s tradition. The verses have 12 syllables, divided in 3 times 4, and they are known as the ‘meter of St Jacob of Sarug’.

Also, 43 letters10 of St Jacob of Sarug have been preserved, just as 8 feastal homilies (turgamè)11, a saints’ life12, and some liturgical and liturgical-poetical works.13

The question whether Jacob of Sarug held a monophysitical doctrine has been raised time and again since the 18th century, but the unfairness of the question can be pointed out, because it leads to sticking a label on this churchfather. Jacob’s work is characterised by symbolism, charity, and from this an ‘anti-intellectual’ attitude in this sence that he does not approve of fathoming Gods mystery:

‘Contemplate the Scriptures, there you will find the Son of God’.14


Graffin, F., ‘Jacques de Saroug’, in Dictionnaire de Spiritualité, 8, col. 56-60, Paris, 1972.

Jacques de Saroug, Homélies contre les Juifs, ed. F. Graffin, Turnhout, 1976 (Patr. Or. t. 38, Fasc. 1, no. 174).

Jacques de Saroug, Quatre homélies métriques sur la création, éd., trad. par Khalil Alwan, Lovanii 1989 (CSCO 508-509, Scriptores syri 214-215).


1 Zie ook voor een uitgebreid verslag met foto’s.

2 Homiliae selectae Mar Jacobi sarugensis, 5 vols, Paris-leipzig, 1905-1910.

3 Uitg.: G. Olinder, Jacobi sarugensis epistulae quotquot supersunt, CSCO 110, Lovanii, 1937 (herdruk 1952).

4 In Duitse vertaling, ongeëditeerd, met geëditeerde uittreksels, door Pius Zingerle, Monumenta syriaca, T. 1, p. 91-96, en in Chrestomattria syriaca, Roma 1871, p. 286-298.

5 Abbeloos, J.-B., De vita et scriptis sancti Jacobi Batnarum Sarugi in Mesopotamia episcopi, Louvain 1867.

6 Een Ordo baptismi, J.A. Assemani (ed.), in Codex liturgicus Ecclesiae, t. 2, Roma, 1749, p. 309-350, en een Ordo Confirmationis, in idem, t. 3, p. 184-187.

7 Homélies contre les Juifs, IV, 212, ed. F. Graffin, Turnhout, 1976 (Patr. Or. t. 38, Fasc. 1, no. 174).


8 See also for a comprehensive report with photos.

9 Homiliae selectae Mar Jacobi sarugensis, 5 vols, Paris-leipzig, 1905-1910.

10 G. Olinder, Jacobi sarugensis epistulae quotquot supersunt, CSCO 110, Lovanii, 1937 (reprint 1952).

11 In German translation, unedited, with edited extracts, by Pius Zingerle, Monumenta syriaca, T. 1, p. 91-96, and in Chrestomattria syriaca, Roma 1871, p. 286-298.

12 Abbeloos, J.-B., De vita et scriptis sancti Jacobi Batnarum Sarugi in Mesopotamia episcopi, Louvain 1867.

13 An Ordo baptismi, J.A. Assemani (ed.), in Codex liturgicus Ecclesiae, t. 2, Roma, 1749, p. 309-350, and an Ordo Confirmationis, in idem, t. 3, p. 184-187.

14 Homélies contre les Juifs, IV, 212, ed. F. Graffin, Turnhout, 1976 (Patr. Or. t. 38, Fasc. 1, no. 174).

Published in print in Golden Horn Vol. 8, issue 1 (2000)

Medewerkers/Contributors Volume 8, issue 1 (summer-fall 2000)

Gouden Hoorn 8,1: Medewerkers/Contributors


Peter Beatson, Ph.D. (Microbiology) is a ‘living history’ enthusiast from Sydney, Australia. He has written several reviews on archaeological and historical matters for his fellow hobbyists, and he reconstructs historical artefacts for a living. His main interest in Byzantine Studies is the everyday life of Byzantines around the turn of the 10-11th centuries.

Annabelle Parker is a Byzantinist, who works on a thesis involving a critical edition of the Vita Syncleticae. Currently she is translating the Wisdom of St Isaac into Dutch.